Keep the Learning Going

Putting together Scope's March 2018 nonfiction feature, “Blood, Smoke, and Freedom”—the incredible story of Joseph Plumb Martin's life as teenage soldier in the American Revolution—we were transported to another time. We’ve collected a few of our favorite resources for your students to explore after they read the article. Your students can then choose from one of the culminating tasks listed at the end of this post.


Essential Questions

Post these questions in your classroom for students to refer to as they explore the resources.

1. Why are wars fought?

2. How are wars fought?

3. Why is it important to learn about the American Revolution?


Five resources to keep your students’ learning going:


Library of Congress

1. These 1774-1791 newspaper headlines from Boston, Philadelphia, Trenton, Saratoga, and Yorktown will allow your class to experience the American Revolution as it unfolded.



Library of Congress

2. This interactive timeline is truly spectacular! Click on beautiful images of artifacts (like this Continental bank note) to zoom, read more, and view video podcasts from the curatorial department. Artifacts span from 1750 through the Revolutionary War and all the way to 2009.



Sarin Images / Granger

3. This interactive primary document-based game takes your students on a journey to 1770 Boston through the eyes of 14-year-old Nat Wheeler, who must choose sides in the American Revolution. Once students finish the game, have them compare Nat Wheeler’s experience with that of Joseph Plumb Martin in "Blood, Smoke, and Freedom.”



4. Have students read these additional exceprts from Joseph Plumb Martin’s Diary. Then have students imagine they are fighting in the Revolutionary War and write a diary entry of their own. Students should draw on information in “Blood, Smoke, and Freedom” as well as in the resources above. Encourage students to use lots of descriptive details!



5. Take a virtual field trip with author Lauren Tarshis to the Museum of the American Revolution. Lauren takes students behind the scenes of the museum and reveals fascinating artifacts and stories from the war, including a closer look at Joseph Plumb Martin's experience. After the field trip, students can respond to these questions (scroll down for grades 6-8) as a class or in small groups.


Four engaging activities to choose from:

For Struggling Readers

In a well-organized paragraph, explain what it was like to be a soldier in the American army during the Revolutionary War. Use text evidence from “Blood, Smoke, and Freedom,” the diary excerpt “Learn to Be a Soldier,” and any of the resources above.

For Advanced Readers

In a well-organized essay, explain what it was like to be a soldier in the American army during the Revolutionary War. Use details from the article, diary, video, and resources above to support your answer.

For Historians

Why was the Battle of Brooklyn important in the American Revolution? Answer this question in a well-organized essay. Use information from the article, the video, and at least one additional source to support your ideas.

For Writers

Imagine that Joseph Plumb Martin has been asked to give a speech for George Washington’s inauguration as the first president of the United States. Write that speech drawing on information in the article, diary, video, and/or any of the resources above.

Daniel Kreher/Getty Images

Are your students as fascinated by the Darvaza gas crater as we are? Why wouldn't they be? It's a giant sinkhole that’s been ablaze for 50 years! Here are some ways that students can further explore this amazing place after they read Scope's short text about the crater.


For all students



For students who want to know more about the Darvaza crater and another underground fire


Watch this fascinating short video, which explains the history and science behind the Darvaza gas crater.



Read this Guardian article about a scientist who was the first person to explore the Darvaza gas crater. The article includes incredible photos of his journey.    

Ferex/Associated Press



Explore another long-burning fire in this Popular Science article about the town of Centralia, Pennsylvania, where an underground coal fire has been burning since 1962.

Don Emmert/Getty Images


For students who want to do more descriptive writing

Show this mesmerizing video of an extreme snowboarder barreling down a snowy mountain, then have students write a descriptive paragraph about the scene. Challenge students to drop their readers into the scene by using vivid language, sensory details, similes, metaphors, personification, and onomatopoeia.



Scope's February nonfiction feature "Escape From Slavery" tells the incredible true story of Harriet Tubman. After you and your students read this gripping article, your students can further explore the history of slavery in the United States, the life of Harriet Tubman, and the Underground Railroad through the resources we've curated below. Then, your students can choose from one of the activities we recommend at the end.


Four resources to keep your students’ learning going:

1. Virtual Exhibit: “The African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship”
Explore this Library of Congress online exhibit in small groups. The exhibit chronicles black America’s quest for equality from slavery to the Civil Rights era through government documents, manuscripts, maps, and musical scores.

2. Primary Source: "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass"
Read an excerpt from Douglass' autobiography. Three excerpts are offered as text exemplars on pages 90-91 of Appendix B to the CCSS for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects.

3. Primary Source: Letter from Frederick Douglass to Harriet Tubman
Read this 1868 letter from Frederick Douglass to Harriet Tubman. NOTE: This text has Guided Reading Mode. Should you choose to enable Guided Reading Mode, your students will be prompted to answer guiding comprehension questions as they read.

4. Slideshow: “The Underground Railroad”
Explore four slideshows of primary sources documenting slavery, the Underground Railroad, abolition, and the challenges that runaway slaves faced in their new lives. Audio read-aloud available.


Four engaging activities to choose from:

For Struggling Readers
In a well-organized paragraph, explain how Harriet Tubman was a courageous leader. Use at least one detail from "Escape From Slavery," one detail from the video "Beyond the Story: The Underground Railroad," and one detail from one of the texts above to support your ideas.

For Advanced Readers
Why should Harriet Tubman be studied and remembered? Answer this question in a well-organized essay. Use information from the article, the video, and one additional source to support your ideas.

For Historians
Research another person who worked on the Underground Railroad. Write a work of narrative nonfiction about that person. (Use the article as a model.)

For Artists
Create a work of visual art—a painting, drawing, collage, sculpture, etc.—about the legacy of Harriet Tubman. Write a brief artist’s statement explaining the ideas behind your artwork.

We are very excited to bring you and your students the story of Sylvia Mendez and her fight against injustice in our play and video "The Fight For What’s Right.” This powerful drama brings to life the little-known story of how Sylvia and her family fought for school integration in California—and won. We hope that after you read the play as a class, you and your students will explore the additional resources that we've put together below.


Essential Questions

Post these questions in your classroom for students to refer to as they explore the resources.

1. What is prejudice?

2. What does it mean to be American?

3. What is injustice? How did the Mendez v. Westminster case help combat injustice in the United States?


Chuck Kennedy/MCT/MCT via Getty Images (Sylvia Mendez at right)

1. Listen to an interview with Sylvia Mendez and her sister.

Listen with your students to this interview with Sylvia Mendez talking to her younger sister Sandra Mendez Duran about the Mendez v. Westminster case. After listening, have students write three questions they would ask Sylvia if they could.



Getty Images

2. Explore a timeline of school integration.

This timeline from Teaching Tolerance magazine traces school integration in the United States from 1849 to 2007. Ask students what the timeline reveals about segregation in the U.S.



Getty Images

3. Read a movie review and watch a video.

Read a review of the documentary film Freedom Riders. Then watch this video interview with Scholastic News Press Corps’ Kid Reporter Henry Dunkelberger and John Lewis, Democratic Congressman from Georgia, about Lewis’s participation in the rides. Ask students how the Freedom Rides story relates to the Mendez family’s story.



4. Read a Scope play and watch a video.

Read the November 2016 Scope play This Is What Courage Looks Like about Claudette Colvin, a brave teen who refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, during the segregated 1950s. Then watch the accompanying video about segregation in 1950s America. Have students share what they learned and discuss what Sylvia and Claudette have in common.



 MPI/Getty Images

5. Read a poem.

Read the Langston Hughes poem “I, Too” as a class. Discuss the themes presented in the poem and how they relate to the themes of the play The Fight for What’s Right.



Extension Activity

Write or post this quote on a whiteboard. Have students sit in small groups to discuss what King means. As a class, discuss segregation and its effect on our country. Students should draw on evidence from the play and any other resources used from above.

We can’t wait to hear about the discussions that ensue after your class reads this issue’s paired text “Could You Become A Mean Meme?” The articles take a timely look at online behavior and privacy. After reading the articles, use the essential questions below to kick off a class discussion. Then have students play Common Sense Media’s Digital Compass game, which invites students to explore how our digital decisions can affect our relationships. Students can then create posters about how to be a good digital citizen.


Essential Questions:

  • What is digital identity?
  • How does social media affect our lives?
  • What does it mean to grow up in a digital age?


Create a poster about how to be a good digital citizen.

1. In pairs, have students explore the Digital Compass. Students will be invited to explore various characters’ digital dilemmas and then test out possible solutions in an animated, choose-your-own-adventure-style game. We suggest that students explore the stories “Me! Me! Meme!” or “Insta-slammed," as they connect well to the articles and students will likely find them relevant to their own lives. (We also recommend you play these games yourself before sharing with students to make sure they are a good classroom fit.)

2. Have students create a poster that gives other students advice on how to be a good digital citizen. They should draw on information from “Could You Become A Mean Meme?", Digital Compass, and students' own personal experiences.

We can't wait for your students to dive into the December/January nonfiction "Escape From Alcatraz"a gripping story and an unsolved mystery about the infamous 1962 escape from Alcatraz Prison. While we were working on this exciting nonfiction package, we came across lots of fascinating resources. We've collected a few of our favorites for you and your students to explore after they read the article. Students may then choose to complete one of the extension activities below.


Four fascinating resources to keep your students’ learning going:

Guiding Question: What was it like to live on Alcatraz Island?



1. This video clip from the show “MythBusters” follows the hosts as they try to figure out if the prisoners could have successfully escaped. They even build their own raft out of raincoats!




2. You and your students can go on a virtual field trip to Alcatraz Island by using Google Earth. Once you locate the island, click on the stick figure icon and select any location highlighted in blue to enter “Street View” and explore the island as it is today.




3. These interviews between Al Capone Does My Shirts author Gennifer Choldenko and Alcatraz prisoners, guards, wardens’ children, and the daughter of Al Capone’s doctor, reveal what it was like to live and work on Alcatraz Island.



4. This museum exhibit from the National Park Service’s Alcatraz Island Museum features primary source slideshows, virtual tours, and sound clips.


Four engaging activities to choose from:

For Struggling Readers
In a well-organized paragraph, choose one piece of evidence that Morris and the Anglins made it and one piece of evidence that they did not. Explain how convincing each piece of evidence is.


For Advanced Readers
Which evidence do you find more convincing: the evidence that Morris and the Anglin brothers made it or that they did not? Do you think the truth will ever be known? Answer both questions in a well-organized essay.


For Creative Writers
Write a short story about the escape from Alcatraz from the point of view of Frank Morris or one of the Anglin brothers. Be sure to include their fate—that is, whether they survived or not.


For Historians
Create an exhibit for your school about the escape from Alcatraz. Your exhibit may include photos, videos, timelines, and replicas of artifacts. Give your classmates tours of your exhibit, as a museum guide would do. Note: This task is ideal for groups.


We were completely gripped by the story of the largest non-nuclear explosion in history: The 1917 Explosion in Halifax Harbor. One of our favorite resources we came across was an interactive timeline of the collision of the two ships, the Mont-Blanc and the Imo. After your students read the Scope article “The Shattered Sky,” explore this resource to discover more fascinating photos, primary sources, and a radio interview recounting another side of the story—that of Captain Francis Mackey. Afterwards, your students can complete the activity below.


The Imo aground on the Dartmouth side of Halifax Harbour after the explosion (Nova Scotia Archives)


Guiding Question:

How did the 1917 Explosion in Halifax Harbor affect the city of Halifax?


To Explore:

This interactive timeline created by historian and writer Janet Maybee illustrates the collision between the Mont-Blanc and the Imo. Have students listen to the radio interview with Pilot Francis Mackey as he recounts the events leading up to the explosion and the hours immediately afterward.


To Do:

Have students imagine that they are journalists from Nova Scotia in 1917 reporting on the events of the explosion. Using information from the interactive timeline and the Scope article “The Shattered Sky," students can do their report in the form of radio segment (using audio recording), a newspaper article, or a series of telegrams (using live tweets).

George Washington's dentures (Granger)

We had so much fun putting together the October 2017 paired text package about dentistry through the ages. We came across tons of great (and gross) information—and not everything made it into the article. So we've collected a few of our favorite resources here for your students to read and watch after they read the Scope article "The History of Teeth." Afterwards, your students can also choose from one of the activities below. 


Three fascinating resources to keep your students’ learning going:

Guiding Question: How has dental care changed over time?

1. This Smithsonian article tells the story of Painless Parker, an infamous dental con artist from the early 1900s.

2. In this video created by the museum at Mount Vernon, a curator analyzes a pair of George Washington’s dentures.

3. This article from Discover Magazine is all about a pair of ancient cavity-ridden teeth. They date back to about 13,000 years before modern dentistry and anesthesia.


Four engaging activities to choose from:

For Struggling Readers
Describe one way that dental care has improved over time and one challenge that we still face today. Use evidence from both texts to support your answer.

For Advanced Readers
Use details from “The History of Teeth” or “Where Are All the Dentists?” to support the following claim: We have come very far in our treatment of dental problems, yet we have not come far enough.

For Artists
Create a public service announcement about the importance of caring for teeth. Your PSA can be in the form of an infographic or a short video.

For Creative Writers
Choose two to four people mentioned in “The History of Teeth” or “Where Are All the Dentists?” Write a scene in which they are interviewed for a documentary about dental care past and present. Your scene may be in the form of a written transcript or a 3- to 4-minute video.


Geerati/Getty Images


Looking for a creative activity for those last weeks of the school year? We've got just the thing! After reading our fascinating short text about a famous bat colony in Texas, guide students along their own learning journey.


For all students



For students who want to know more about bats



For students who want to do more descriptive writing

Here's another mesmerizing video that students can watch and then use to write their own descriptive paragraph about the scene. Challenge them to drop their readers in the scene with vivid, sensory details and to use similes, metaphors, personification, and onomatopoeia. 

Kristin Lewis

Last February, I received a heartfelt note from one of Scope's advisors expressing concern about media literacy in this era of rampant fake news. Could I, he asked, address media literacy in an article in Scope? He wasn't the only one to ask. Many of you have reached out to me recently about your need for media literacy materials. "How do we equip students with the tools they need to be savvy, skeptical consumers of digital content?" is a question I hear again and again. That question is the reason I wrote this issue's paired text feature, "Are These Stories Real? (Nope.)"

Use the support materials below to help your students get the most of the article and keep the learning going.


1. Review important media literacy terms.

This handy list of terms will aid in comprehension as students read the article, watch the video, and complete the fact-checking activity. You'll want to keep this glossary for years to come. 



2. Watch the video.

Students get tips on how to be smart and savvy media consumers—from how to spot the difference between an advertisement and a news article to how to evaluate the credibility of a source. We recommend students watch the video after reading the article.



3. Complete the synthesizing graphic organizer.

This exquisitely simple activity will help students synthesize information from two texts: "Are These Stories Real? (Nope.)" and the folktale it's paired with in the magazine. (The activity is available on two levels.)